Explore Sofia | Church of St. George

The Church of St. George is considered the oldest building in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. It was built in the beginning of the 4th century AD during the reign of the roman emperor Constantine the Great.IMG_6555IMG_6724The temple is situated in the courtyard of the Government Office and Sheraton Hotel.IMG_6725IMG_6730(I had to take picture of this beautiful door!)IMG_6731IMG_6727It is a cylindrical domed structure, built on a square base. Its width is about 9.5 meters in diameter and its height is about 14 meters.IMG_6531 Old versus new.IMG_6545 IMG_6544Originally the building was used for public purposes. After the recognition of Christianity as a religion in the Roman Empire, the rotunda became a baptistery (a building for conversion to Christianity), due to the many conversions, following the authorization of this religion.IMG_6542IMG_6551At the time of Emperor Justinian the Great (reigned 527 – 565) the Rotunda was transformed into a church. The first wall painting was made in the same period.IMG_6553IMG_6546During the Ottoman rule the Rotunda St. George was transformed into a mosque. The Christian paintings on the walls were obliterated with white plaster and in their place were painted floral motifs. IMG_6537IMG_6534(I found this piece on the ground.)IMG_6557The main entranceIMG_6556After the liberation of Bulgaria in 1878 the Rotunda was deserted, and after the death of Prince Alexander Battenberg it was transformed into a mausoleum.IMG_6560 IMG_6559Information: wikipedia and bulgariatravel
Photographs are by me.

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  1. Pingback: Posts about Bulgaria | Alz Blog

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