Contemporary Memorial Parks
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“The park, dedicated to General Maister and the soldiers for the northern border was planned as an abstract three-dimensional space, where the paths lead around geometrically cut grass crests. It is an abstract representation of the crest of the northern border, for which Maister’s soldiers fought. “
National 9/11 Memorial
Landscape Architecture: PWP Landscape Architecture
Location: New York, New York, USA
Photographs: PWP Landscape Architecture
“The National September 11th Memorial commemorates the victims of the attacks at the Pentagon, at Shanksville, Pennsylvania, and at the World Trade Center site, both on September 11, 2001, and February 26, 1993. Two gigantic voids – in the footprints of the Twin Towers – and a surrounding forest of oak trees form the core of the rebuilt World Trade Center in New York City and provide a place for contemplation and remembrance within this revitalized urban center.”
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (also known as the Holocaust Memorial)
Design: architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold
Location: Berlin, Germany
Photographs: wikipedia and landezine
The memorial consists of a 19,000 square metres site covered with 2,711 concrete slabs, arranged in a grid pattern on a sloping field. According to Eisenman’s project text, the concrete slabs are designed to produce an uneasy, confusing atmosphere, and the whole sculpture aims to represent a supposedly ordered system that has lost touch with human reason.
Read more about the project on WikipediaThe Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall
Location: Washington, DC, USA
Architect: Maya Lin
Photographs: 1. Carol M. Highsmith 2,3. MegachromeImages 4. s.scottcrawford
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial honors U.S. service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died in service in Vietnam/South East Asia, and those service members who were unaccounted for (Missing In Action) during the War.
The memorial consists of three separate parts: the Three Soldiers statue, the Vietnam Women’s Memorial, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, which is the best-known part of the memorial.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall is made up of two gabbro walls 246 feet 9 inches (75 m) long. One wall points toward the Washington Monument, the other in the direction of the Lincoln Memorial, meeting at an angle of 125° 12′. Each wall has 72 panels, 70 listing names and 2 very small blank panels at the extremities.Stone for the wall came from India, and was deliberately chosen because of its reflective quality. When a visitor looks upon the wall, his or her reflection can be seen simultaneously with the engraved names, which is meant to symbolically bring the past and present together.In 2007, it was ranked tenth on the “List of America’s Favorite Architecture” by the American Institute of Architects. Read more about the project on Wikipedia7 July Memorial
Location: Hyde Park, London, UK
Architect: Carmody Groarke
“The singular and collective loss inflicted by the bombings has informed the character of the memorial. Fifty-two 850 kg stainless steel cast vertical pillars (or stelae) each representing one of the fifty-two lives lost are arranged in an open pattern of four interlinked clusters representing the four locations of the bombs.”