Iconic Buildings | Empire State Building
The Empire State Building is generally thought of as an American cultural icon. It is designed in Art Deco style and has been named as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. In 2007, it was ranked number one on the List of America’s Favorite Architecture according to the AIA. The ESB is a 102-story skyscraper (the building stood as the world’s tallest building for 40 years (1931-1972) located in Midtown Manhattan, NYC, at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. Its name is derived from the nickname for New York, the Empire State. It was designed by William F. Lamb from the architectural firm ‘Shreve, Lamb and Harmon’, which produced the building drawings in just two weeks, using its earlier designs for the Reynolds Building in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and the Carew Tower in Cincinnati, Ohio as a basic. Even though it was finished only for 410 days, this building sat empty for over 20 years, because of the Great Depression. The Building has 6,500 windows and 73 elevators (It takes less than one minute by elevator to get to the 80th floor), and there are 1,860 steps from street level to the 102nd floor. As of 2007, approximately 21,000 employees work in the building each day, making the Empire State Building the second-largest single office complex in America, after the Pentagon.In 1964, floodlights were added to illuminate the top of the building at night, in colors chosen to match seasonal and other events, such as St. Patrick’s Day, Christmas, Independence Day and Bastille Day.
The Empire State Building has one of the most popular outdoor observatories in the world, having been visited by over 110 million people. The lines to enter the observation decks, according to Concierge.com, are “as legendary as the building itself”. The building makes more money from tickets sales for its observation decks that it does from renting office space.
Photographs: 1.nationalgeographic/Joe McNally, 2.minimalisti, 3.hdwallpapersforpc, 4.r.nicola, 5.retronaut/Chris Wild, 6.Fletcher6, 7.NYC & Company, 8. globespots/Bo Løvschall
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This entry was posted on 20/02/2013 by Nadia Alzayat. It was filed under Architecture, The Architecture of USA and was tagged with America's Favorite Architecture, architecture, Art Deco style, Американски архитекти, Арт Деко, Ню Йорк, архитектура, Empire State Building, Iconic Buildigs, Manhattan, New York, New York City, skyscraper.