Celebrating Eid Alfitr
Today is Eid Alfitr (19.08) , a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. “Eid” is an Arabic word meaning “holiday, festival or festivity”, while “Fitr” means “breaking the fast” (Arabic: عيد الفطر). On this day, Muslims gather early in the morning in outdoor locations or mosques to perform the Eid prayer. Later, they visit various family and friends, give gifts and gathering involve cooking and eating.
Women are commonly given special gifts by their loved ones and children are normally given new clothes. They also receive a “Eid-ey-yah“ from their adult relatives, a small sum of money that the children receive and is used to spend on all their activities throughout the Eid.
On this holiday, Muslims need to give as much charity as is possible. Before the day of Eid, Muslim family gives a determined amount as a donation to the poor, to ensure that the needy can have a holiday meal and participate in the celebration.
Eid Alfitr is an occasion of showing gratitude to God and remembering him, but it’s also an occasion of entertainment. It is celebrated for one, two or three days and in most Muslim countries, the entire 3-day period is a public holiday.
I would like to wish all Muslims Happy Eid!! Eid Mubarak!! (Arabic: عيد مبارك= Blessed Holiday)
Don’t worry, I didn’t forget that my blog is about architecture. 😉
The subject of today’s post is “The art of Islamic calligraphy and its role in Islamic architecture”.
This is a greeting cards, depicts the phrase “Eid Mubarak”.
Islamic calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting, or calligraphy in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage. From the Greek word for “beautiful writing” (κάλλος kallos “beauty” + γραφή graphẽ “writing”), calligraphy was considered the highest art form in Islam, for several reasons. For one, Muslims believe that Allah used the Arabic language to recite the Qur’an to Muhammad, and for that reason, it has a spiritual meaning for Muslims. Also, they used it to represent God because they denied representing God with images.
Calligraphy adorn architecture, decorative arts, coins, jewellery, textiles, weapons, tools, paintings, and manuscripts. Brass bowl |1346-1347 A.D| Syria or EgyptLamp| 15th century | Syria or EgyptDish | 900-1000 | Iran or UzbekistanTile fragment | about 1359 | BukharaTile | about 1230 | IranDetail from wooden panel | 1150-1250 |Spain or Morocco Window | 1800-80 | Egypt
There were many Muslim regions, of course, in which Arabic was not the native language. Persian was the major non-Arabic language spoken in the Islamic world, and in the 7th century it had its own script. As Islam spread through the areas where Persian and other languages were spoken, however, the Arabic script was adopted. The Persian language, also known as Farsi, added four letters to the Arabic script to represent sounds that existed in Persian, but not in Arabic. The Turks later also added another letter to render a distinctly Turkish sound, although modern Turkish no longer uses the Arabic script. The Arabic script is still used to write the Kazakh, Uzbek, and Tajik languages in Central Asia, as well as Urdu in present-day Pakistan. via ucalgary.ca A poem by the Iranian poet Omar KhayyamThe word “death” in Ottoman – ölüm
Born in the 7th century A.D., Islamic calligraphy continues to evolve into the present time.The Emirates logo is written in traditional Arabic calligraphyAljazeera logoCalligraphy by Hassan Massoudy
Islamic Mosque calligraphy is calligraphy that can be found in and out of a mosque, typically in combination with Arabesque motifs. Arabesque is a form of Islamic art known for its repetitive geometric forms creating beautiful decorations. The subject of these writings can be derived from different sources in Islam. It can be derived from the written words of the Qur’an or from the oral traditions relating to the words and deeds of Islamic Prophet Muhammad.The Room of Sultan Muhammad Khodabandeh Uljeitu in the Jameh Mosque (Isfahan, Iran)Herat Musjid, Afganistan Zahir Mosque in Kedah, MalaysiaDivriği Ulucami and Şifahane (Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital) in Sivas Province, Turkey
Sources: wikipedia, islamic-arts, ucalgary.ca
Pictures: 1.muslimtoysanddolls 2.naveedafsar1983 3,4. islamic-arts 5,6,7,8,9. islamic-arts 10.P30Carl 11.illiyun 12.wikipedia 13.wikipedia 14,15,16.Hassan Massoudy 17,18,19.islamic-arts 20,21.© jeromestarkey 22.© Mark Schlegel 23.© anickue 24.© akupunyahal 25,26.© Mimarlık Müzesi